Skip to main content

Full text of "VCU magazine"

See other formats


Spring 1981 


Walkerton's resident poet, Gary R. Sange, 
is capturing the town in words. Page 12. 

Mitzpah Methodist Church, Walkerton, Virginia 



Spring 1981 Volume 10 Number 1 

First Cousin to the EEG 2 

Brain: responses being measured and analyzed. 

The Bear Facts. The Potential for Turmoil 4 

Russia: a bear in trouble. By Dr. George E. Munro 

Winning was Easy 8 

Challenge: the next four years. By Dr. Dennis W. Johnson 

Walkerton Portraits 12 

Captured: a town and its people. 

Sports 19 

Did You Know 22 

Whatever Happened To 26 

Nancy J. Hartman, Editor 

James L. Dunn, Director of Alumni Activities 

Betsy F. Sweet, Assistant to the Director 

Mary Margaret C. Fosmark, Alumni Records Officer 

VCU Magazine is published quarterly for alumni and friends of Virginia 
Commonwealth University, Alumni Activities Office, Richmond, Virginia 
23284. Telephone (804) 257-1228 

Copyright © 1981 Virginia Commonwealth University 

Opinions expressed in VCU Magazine are those of the author or person being interviewed 
and do not necessarily reflect those of the university. 

Credits: Charlie Martin, design; Bob Strong, cover, inside front cover, and pages 12-20. 

10 CLICKS /SEC (100 LSI.) 

100 CLICKS /SEC (10 LSI.) 








100 nV 

2 msec 




The effects of stimulus rate on brain stem auditon/ evoked potentials. Repeated measures are over- 
lapped to show response stability. (Harkiti's unpublished data, 1981) 

The twenty- nine year old 
woman was in a coma, and no 
one at MCV knew why. The 
EEG (electroencephalograph) 
showed no activity. A relatively 
new test, the evoked potential, 
was being administered to check 
if auditory, visual and tactile 
sensations were reaching the 

The technician began by 
measuring the woman's head to 
locate the middle of the skull. 
Then she marked this mid-point 
with an "X". Three electrodes 
would be used for the auditory 
response test. First, a conducting 
adhesive was applied to each 
electrode, and the electrodes were 




properly positioned. 

The electrode wires were then 
plugged into an amplifier, which 
filters, amplifies and transmits the 
brain's electrical impulses to a 

Earphones were placed over the 
woman's ears. Only one ear at a 
time would be stimulated by a 
series of clicks. The computer was 

programmed to send 2,000 clicks 
in a timed pattern — nine per sec- 
ond. Each electrode was checked 
again for placement and conduc- 
tivity. The clicks were started, 
and the test began. 

An oscilloscope screen con- 
nected to the computer was 
watched closely. The straight 
horizontal green line on the 
screen changes after each click. If 
the comatose woman's brain ac- 
tivity is normal, the final electrical 
wave pattern will consist of about 
seven waves in a definite pattern. 
The brain's response to the clicks 
was registered within 10 mil- 
liseconds of each stimulus. 

Computers which can average 

these very low amplitude elec- 
trical responses have only recently 
been developed. The computer 
takes the brain's response to each 
of the 2,000 clicks; adds them 
together, since the brain's re- 
sponse is constant each time a 
response is repeated; and divides 
by the number of stimuli. Back- 
ground electrical waves, (eg: 
electroencephalogram) which are 
100 times larger than the impulses 
being registered, are random and 
negate themselves in the 
averaging process. 

The woman's auditory wave 
pattern indicated her right ear and 
its pathway to the brain were 
normal. A separate test on the left 
ear also indicated there was no 

The technician then moved the 
electrodes to new locations and 
darkened the room to check the 
visual pathway. A black and 
white checkered screen flickered 
at the patient at the rate of 100 
times per second. After this test 
was completed, once for each eye, 
the results showed her visual 
pathways were normal. 

The last testing sequence used a 
mild shock stimulus to check the 
nervous system and the spinal 
cord. This shock does not hurt 
patients. Again, the tests showed 
the woman's brain was receiving 

The neurologist then inferred 
that the coma was not structural 
but was caused by a toxic problem. 
In four days, the woman did 
regain consciousness, and the 
cause of the coma was determined 
to have been toxic — an overdose 
of drugs. 

Dr. Larry A. Isrow, assistant 
professor neurology, (medicine 
1971) notes "if the evoke is 
normal, and if the patient does 
not have complications, the per- 
son has a chance of doing well." 

All of the evoked potential tests 
are passive; the tests do not use 
needles or an anesthetic. Anyone, 
including an infant, can be tested; 
the only requirement is that the 
patient be relaxed. 

The evoked potential tests mea- 
sure samples of brain electrical 
activity from electrodes placed on 
the scalp. Methods for measuring 
brain evoked potential activity 

were first described in 1947. How- 
ever, with the advent of more 
sophisticated technology in the 
1970s, great advances were made 
in the clinical utility of the evoked 
potential technique. Assessment 
of brain stem and spinal cord 
function could then be made. 

The evoked potential differs 
from its "first cousin" the EEG 
because the EEG records random 
spontaneous electrical activity of 
the brain cortex, whereas, the 
evoked potential measures the 
brain's response to a time con- 
trolled external stimulus. Infor- 
mation of this type may shed 
more light on brain activity of 
sub-cortical nuclei and pathways 
as well as the cortex itself. 

Hearing or vision problems in 
infants, areas where tumors have 
grown, multiple sclerosis, and 
toxic reactions can be identified 
by this testing process. One major 
research area at MCV Hospitals 
is the use of the evoked potential 
tests to assist physicians in de- 
termining treatment for a patient 
with massive head injury. 

By doing evoked potential tests 
on comatose or head injured 
patients, physicians can deter- 
mine the extent of injury and 
predict how well the patient will 
recover from the trauma. In some 
instances, physicians use the tests 
to determine the efficacy of treat- 
ment for comatose patients and 
to monitor the progress of 
physical therapy for these patients. 

As a head injured patient's 
overall neurological condition im- 
proves, worsens, or remains sta- 
ble, the physician analyzes the 
evoked potentials for changes in 
the wave pattern. These findings 
are compared to readings from 
normal persons and assist in 
pinpointing additional areas for 
intervention by a physician. 

By using these tests the physi- 
cian can determine if the problem 
is in the brain or spinal cord or 
even more peripheral. According 
to Dr. Richard P. Greenberg, 
M.D., Ph.D., assistant professor 
of neurosurgery, (Ph.D. physiol- 
ogy 1978), he became interested 
in evoked potentials because "the 
EEG is not as useful as evoked 
potentials in comatose head 
injury patients. It will not tell 

you if the auditory system is 
intact or if the 8th nerve is severed 
nor whether there is spinal cord 
or brain stem involvement." 

Greenberg notes that MCV has 
approximately 75 head injured 
patients each year, and the 
average hospital stay is three 
months in acute to subacute care 
units. With evoked potentials, 
various treatments and their 
efficacy can be monitored. 
Furthermore, prediction of patient 
outcome in the first few days 
following head injury can be 
accomplished with great accuracy 
using evoked potentials. 

"Evokes are a fabulous predic- 
tor of outcome, and of the chance 
a group of neurons have of 
recovering or dying," says Green- 
berg. "We already know that a 
mild abnormality will get better," 
adds Greenberg, "and that a 
moderate one takes longer. We 
can now assume that if an evoke 
is normal or close to normal 
that the brain around the elec- 
trode site might also be well." 

In the gerontology department. 
Dr. Stephen W. Harkins, asso- 
ciate professor of gerontology and 
psychiatry, has been involved in 
evoked potential research for 
approximately nine years. His 
tests on the elderly are trying to 
determine if normal and abnormal 
processes of aging can be dis- 
tinguished using evoked poten- 
tials. "What is clear," says 
Harkins, "is that senile persons 
do have a delayed response to 
a given stimulus." He is also 
evaluating evoked potential 
data to determine if psychological 
factors influence the brain's reac- 
tions. To date Harkins has found 
no definitive reason for slower 
responses in the senile elderly, 
other than their age, but suggests 
that it might be due to chemical 
(neurotransmitter) changes. 

In the future, evoked potentials 
may provide a better method to 
analyze brain abnormalities; a 
system for determining treatment 
in intensive care units; early 
identification of birth defects; 
understanding the aging process; 
and a method to study the brain's 
actual thought processes. S 

America's anti-Russian feelings, 
which have lain dormant for years, 
have surfaced again in the wake 
of the Soviet invasion of Af- 
ghanistan, Soviet involvement in 
the Middle East, recent events in 
Poland, and American percep- 
tions that the Russians are trying 
to forge ahead in a renewed arms 
race. This is unlike the interest 
generated by Sputnik in 1957 or 
Detente in 1972; this time Ameri- 
cans are less curious than hostile. 

Certainly the Soviet Union is 
more familiar to us now than it 
was twenty years ago. Tens of 
thousands of Americans have 
toured parts of Russia. Picture 
books, television programs, and 
articles in the printed press filed 
by American correspondents from 
the Soviet Union have provided a 
much greater familiarity with 
Russia than was possible in the 
Stalin era. Yet this familiarity 
remains deceptive. We know 
enough about the Russians to take 
the sharp edge off our curiosity, 
but when we begin to analyze 
how much the average American 
understands about how the Soviet 
Union really ticks, about how its 
social and economic systems 
work, or even about what issues 
matter most to Russians, we 
quickly probe the limits of our 

If, as Alexander Pope claimed, 
"A little knowledge is a danger- 
ous thing," Americans need to 
lessen that danger by drinking 
more deeply of Russian and 
Soviet studies in order to answer 
more accurately the question now 
often put to specialists in the 
Soviet area: What are the Rus- 
sians going to do next? Underly- 
ing this question is often the 
unstated assumption that what- 
ever the Russians do will be 
calculated to have the worst pos- 
sible effect on the United States 
and that those calculations will 
succeed. Today there is a wide- 
spread fear in the United States 
that the Russians are on the 
offensive everywhere, having 

The Bear 




By George E. Munro 

their way in the world, and 
capable of gaining whatever goal 
they set for themselves. As is the 
case with most fears, this phobia 
results from exaggeration of dan- 
gers, from misunderstanding, and 
from failure to maintain proper 
perspective. To counteract our 
fears, we need to have a look at 
Soviet realities. What we will find 
is a system every bit as full of 
anxieties, problems, and 
shortcomings as our own, and 
one furthermore that has built 
into it less flexibility and adapta- 
bility to meet unexpected crises 
and long-term maladies. With this 
improved understanding, we will 
be able to appreciate more accu- 
rately the range of potential ac- 
tions open to the Soviet system 
when it is confronted with 
changing world conditions. 

To begin with, there is the 
problem of an aging leadership. 
The present leaders have held 
power for more than sixteen years 
and are in their mid-seventies. 
They are the last of the world's 
leaders for whom the most im- 
portant event of their lives was 
World War II. In virtually every 
other country the torch of leader- 
ship has been passed to a genera- 

tion that participated only mar- 
ginally in the war, but for Soviet 
leaders the experiences of 1941- 
1945 continue to be the mold that 
shapes their perception of the 
post-war world. When power 
changes hands in Russia, it is 
certain to pass to men of the 
younger generation, who will see 
things quite differently from the 
veterans of Stalingrad, Kursk, and 
Berlin. The Great Fatherland War, 
as World War II is known in the 
USSR, may finally be allowed to 
recede into the background, 
which may bring profound 
changes for Soviet society. 

Judging from the impressions of 
western political scientists who 
have met and talked with leaders 
of this generation, they will be 
more "careerist," more coldly 
cynical about the applicability of 
Marxism-Leninism to the man- 
agement of Soviet power, less 
concerned with sharing the fruits 
of production with all Soviet 
workers than with appropriating a 
large share for themselves. They 
will also be career bureaucrats, 
trained by long years of service 
not to take chances, to cover 
themselves whenever making a 
decision, to do what the common 
wisdom of their field of specialty 
calls for. We vdll not likely see 
another Nikita Khrushchev. 

The most serious problem that 
will face future leaders of the 
Soviet Union will be economic. 
Since the years of extremely rapid 
recovery and expansion after 
World War II, the rate of growth 
of the Soviet economy has been 
levelling off; whereas in the past 
gross inefficiencies could be toler- 
ated, this is no longer so, and the 
rate of productivity has increas- 
ingly preoccupied planners re- 
sponsible for assuring future 
growth. To put the problem 
briefly, the Soviet economy is 
labor intensive, and the rate of 
output per worker is low, creating 
an artificial labor shortage. The 
most effective solution to this 

problem thus far has been to add 
more workers to the labor force 
rather than increase productivity 
per worker. (The latter has been 
tried but with little success.) As 
long as there were women to be 
added to the labor force or young 
hands coming of age at an ever 
increasing rate, low labor pro- 
ductivity could be overlooked. 
However, women are now almost 
fuUy absorbed into the labor force, 
and since the mid-1950s the birth 
rate has been declining. The 
resultant relative labor shortage 
has constricted output. 

There have been efforts to 
increase labor effectiveness. The 
daily press continually exhorts 
workers to meet goals, to exceed 
quotas, to fulfill plans. Heavy 
news coverage is given to fac- 
tories that surpass planned pro- 
duction. Anniversaries of memora- 
ble national events (the liberation 
of Kiev, Lenin's birthday, the 
establishment of the USSR, etc.) 
and days set aside to honor 
various groups (Soviet Army Day, 
the Day of the Young Communist 
League, Steelworkers Day, etc.) 
are drummed into occasions to 
renew one's fervor to meet and 
exceed plans. The effect of such 
continual harping on the same 
theme is to deafen the ears of 
workers to the message; far from 
increasing their enthusiasm, these 
daily doses of inspiration move 
them very little, if at all. 

Even when factories meet the 
goals set for them, the country 
has enormous difficulties getting 
goods to market. The rail system 
is heavily used and quite efficient. 
Indeed, it operates almost at full 
capacity and can not bear much 
more of the burden of moving 
goods. Where the Soviets are 
lacking is in their highway system 
and air transport facilities. To a 
considerable degree, these 
shortcomings have been laid upon 
them by climate and geography. 

The weather is so harsh on 
concrete and asphalt roadways in 
the severe northern climate of 
Russia that the expense of build- 
ing and maintaining a vast net- 
work of highways capable of 
handling transport truck traffic 
has been prohibitive. The enor- 
mous distances that have to be 
covered from point of production 
to market is a factor too. Of 
course the Russians realize they 
are far behind other industrialized 
countries in the development of 
transportation facilities, but short- 
age of capital and natural obsta- 
cles prevent their closing the gap. 
The "eighteen-wheelers" which 
have become common sights in 
Western Europe and North 
America only began to make their 
appearance in Moscow in the 
mid-1970s, and these were vehi- 
cles, by and large, that had been 
driven in from Hungary, Bulgaria, 
Poland, and elsewhere. 

Another problem with pro- 
ductivity is alcoholism. Soviet 
sociologists have been quite cau- 
tious about publishing their 
findings on this subject, but the 
national weakness for the bottle is 
well known. The alcoholic work- 
man is a stock character in anec- 
dotes, short vignette jokes that 
are uniquely Russian. Once I 
asked an architect friend in 
Moscow, who had introduced me 
to her work and that of several 
friends, why it was that with so 
much talent, modem Soviet 
buildings are designed so drably 
and unimaginatively. Her answer 
was that construction workers are 
incapable of following instructions 
that vary from those for the 
standard, simple design of precast 
buildings, because they are 
usually drunk on the job. A result 
of architects' attempts to vary 
building plans was, for example, 
the highly publicized apartment 
building erected a few years ago 
in Moscow. It had verandas 
neatly projecting from apartments 

on each floor, but with solid 
brick walls behind them, with no 
doors to provide entry or exit. 

Equally serious are the dilem- 
mas in agriculture. Attempting to 
establish self-sufficiency in a 
northern agricultural belt climatic- 
ally equivalent to the Dakotas 
and Saskatchewan, Soviet farmers 
frequently fall victim to bad 
weather. In recent years, roughly 
one harvest in three has fallen far 
short of expectations. It should be 
noted that this is not uniquely a 
Soviet problem; privately owned 
agriculture in the csarist era suf- 
fered similar shortfalls, which are 
not all that unfamiliar to farmers 
in Saskatchewan. Agricultural 
self-sufficiency simply cannot 
work in Russia, with more than 
260 million mouths to feed, yet 
the planners persist in trying to 
establish it. 

Besides climatic hindrances, 
Soviet agriculture faces the prob- 
lem of traditional backwardness. 
Basic mechanization is still under 
way. The lives of farmers are 
hard, and young people leave if 
they can. The resultant labor 
shortage, particularly in times of 
harvest, leads to stop-gap solu- 
tions. Potatoes, for example, a 
major crop in parts of northern 
Russia, have to be harvested by 
hand. Because there are not 
enough peasants to do the work, 
students from universities and 
institutes are dismissed from 
classes and take to the fields for 
two or three weeks each fall. One 
can imagine how seriously they 
take their work and how much 
wear and tear they put on 
machines and draft animals. Mili- 
tary units are also used at harvest 
time, and commanders are known 
to lament the time lost to training 
and preparation while soldiers are 
slogging through the fields each 

Because of these and many 
other problems, the Soviet 
economic system has proven in- 

capable of supplying Soviet citi- 
zens with the goods and services 
that people in other industrialized 
nations have come to regard as 
necessities. If the period from the 
1930s through the 1960s could be 
termed one of rising expectations, 
as Soviet citizens patiently waited 
until the day when socialist pro- 
duction would surpass capitalist 
production, then the years since 
the 1960s have comprised a period 
of delayed expectations. Whether 
this delay will bring on an era of 
falling expectations, with such 
attendant problems as have re- 
cently surfaced in Poland, only 
time will tell. The ability of the 
Soviet government to hide labor 
unrest from the prying eyes of the 
west has perhaps led us falsely to 
assume that workers are quiescent 
in Russia. Unsubstantiated re- 
ports indicate otherwise; since the 
early 1970s reports have persisted 
that workers have staged wildcat 
strikes in city after city. As 
shortages of meat, eggs, cheese, 
fresh vegetables, and other prod- 
ucts become more severe, the 
Soviet leadership will be tested 
more sharply at home than it has 
been for several decades. 

As if economic difficulties are 
not enough, the Soviet leadership 
also has to worry about nationalist 
or sectionalist sentiment. Al- 
though in many respects the 
Soviet policy toward nationalities 
must be regarded as enlightened 
and well-conceived, its implemen- 
tation has not always been seen as 
such by non-Russians. Most 
familiar to us is the plight of 
Soviet Jews, who since 1967 have 
been striving for, and sometimes 
winning, the right to emigrate. 
Nationalism is also a potent force 
in the Ukraine, which alone of the 
component republics of the USSR 
could probably exist on its own 
and compete economically with 
the other developed nations of the 
world. The Baltic states of Es- 
tonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, in- 

corporated into the USSR in 1940 
and again after 1945, have popula- 
tions that feel a closer kinship 
with non-Russian Europe than 
with their Soviet fellow-citizens. 
Nationalism runs high there and 
is often linked with religious 
movements. Small groups 
identified in the press as "anti- 
Soviet" are frequently discovered 
and disbanded. A similar, yet 
different, situation exists in Cen- 
tral Asia and parts of the 
Caucasus, where the non-Russian 
population of Azerbaidzhanis, 
Turkmen, Uzbeks, Tadzhiks, 
Kazakhs, and others share an 
Islamic heritage and now com- 
prise well over twenty per cent of 
the USSR's population. Their 
share of the total is increasing and 
with it, fears of the Slavic element 
in the population that they will 
join in the new Islamic revolution 
that has been sweeping the 
Muslim world from Turkey to 
Indonesia. Not without reason 
did General Sir John Hackett 
postulate in his recent novel 
The Third World War that the 
conflict would end with a dis- 
memberment of the Soviet Union 
which found its origin in the 
Central Asian republics. 

Taking these issues of leader- 
ship, economic difficulties, and 
nationalism into consideration 
and returning to the original 
question of what the Soviets will 
do next, it is clear that domestic 
issues will strongly limit and 
define Soviet actions internation- 
ally. Increasingly, affairs at home 
are taking on the appearance of a 
permanent crisis. The official at- 
tempt to maintain a fever pitch in 
running the economy only adds 
to that sense. Soviet leaders have 
to be concerned primarily with 
maintaining themselves in power, 
especially in light of the changes 
Polish workers have been able to 
effect, not just in 1980, but earlier 
in 1970 and 1956. Will heightening 
fears for the successful continua- 
tion of the regime lead to greater 

use of the carrot or of the stick? 
What happens when the stick no 
longer frightens the donkey or 
when the stockpile of carrots runs 

It is likely that the Soviet 
international posture in the near 
future will reflect more than any- 
thing else the desperate desire to 
hold onto power at home. In my 
opinion, the Soviet invasion of 
Afghanistan was undertaken not 
for offensive reasons but out of 
fear that the Islamic revolution 
would spread to Soviet territory. 
By the same token, whatever 
response the Soviets eventually 
make to the unrest in Poland — 
unclear at this time — will be mea- 
sured first of all for their impact 
(and for the impact of what is not 
done) at home, in the Soviet 
Union. Soviet leaders seem to 
have a terrible inferiority complex, 
as if they are unsure of their own 
legitimacy or unsure that their 
people are convinced of it. For 
this reason they take every oppor- 
tunity to show they are indeed 
men of the stature of world 
leaders and deserve to wield the 
power they do. Many of these 
feelings are masked by Soviet 
insistence on using the term 
"security" in their diplomacy. 
Security is a genuine concern of 
Russians, who three times in this 
century have thrown back inva- 
sions of their homeland. But 
security means so much more to 
the Soviet leadership. It means 
their jobs. S 

DrGeorge EMunro, associate profes- 
sor ofhiston/, teaches a survey course 
of Russian histon/, including the 
Soviet period. Munro has spent 
approximately 1 Vi years in the Soviet 
Union doing research. He has also led 
five VCU tours to Russia. Of the 
tours, Munro notes, "It is important 
to continue these, because ive inforryi 
the Soinets of U. S. opinions through 
conversations with the tour guides 
and others." 

was Easy 

By Dennis W. Johnson 

The pomp and excitement of 
the Inauguration ceremonies are 
over, and we are into the second 
month of the new Republican 
administration. At times exciting, 
at times boring, the lengthy 1980 
election season treated spectators 
to long, grueling months of 
money raising and speech making, 
of platforms and promises, and of 
spectacular and silly antics. The 
taxing, trying, lengthy campaign 
was for Ronald Reagan the easy 
part — he knew his opposition, he 
knew the odds, he knew what 
had to be done in order to win. 
Now comes the real test, being 

A few points stand out about 
the 1980 election. Like the 1976 
election, this one started early, 
two years before election day 
when Congressman Philip Crane 
of Illinois became the first candi- 
date to announce his intention to 
be our next President. Again, like 
1976, we had a bumper crop of 
candidates. Four years ago, there 
were about a dozen Democrats 
vying for their party's nomina- 
tion; this time around about a 
dozen Republicans wanted the 
nomination. This high number of 
Presidential candidates can in part 
be attributed to changes in federal 
campaign laws. The law now 
allows Presidential candidates to 
earn matching federal funds. 
Candidates ranged from the 
hopelessly unknown Benjamin 
Fernandez, to the political re- 
treads Robert Dole and John 
Connally, to the promising na- 
tional candidate Howard Baker. 

For the first time since 1968, a 
strong third-party candidate 
emerged. John Anderson was, in 
a way, a "sour grapes" candidate; 
he could win none of the Repub- 
lican primaries, so he bolted to 
form his own independent candi- 
dacy. Like George Wallace in 

1968, Anderson expected to make 
substantial inroads into both the 
Democratic and Republican par- 
ties. In a moment of sheer politi- 
cal fantasy and wishful thinking, 
the New Republic magazine even 
argued that Anderson could win. 
Wallace was far more successful, 
but both achieved only a small 
following on election day. 

The campaign brought the 
long-anticipated debut of Edward 
Kennedy as a presidential con- 
tender. Since 1968 Kennedy's 
name had been mentioned; this 
time he finally took the plunge — 
against a President of his own 
party. Polls showed Kennedy 
with a huge lead over Carter, but 
once he formally announced in 
November 1979, things fell apart. 
To begin with, Kennedy appeared 
as a stumbling and wooden can- 
didate. Then the hostages were 
taken, and our attention focused 
on Carter as the embattled leader 
of the country. And Kennedy lost 
primary after primary. What we 
will most remember Kennedy for 
is his tenacious campaigning, his 
maneuverings at the convention, 
and his stirring valedictory 
speech. The overall impression 
Kennedy left: he'll be back. 

Big money again played an 
important role in this election, but 
with mixed results. The Repub- 
licans spent far more than the 
Democrats on television adver- 
tising, and this helped to cultivate 
Reagan's natural advantage as a 
convincing, sincere candidate. But 
big money did not always pro- 
duce big results. Faith in the 
democratic process is restored 
when a candidate, like John Con- 
nally, lavishly spends his own 
money rather than opting for 
matching federal funds (and the 
controls that go with them), shells 
out eleven million dollars and still 
buys only one delegate to a 
national convention. 

Critics of the news media have 

been telling us for years that 
television emphasizes who- 
won/who-lost, slips of the ton- 
gue, and irrelevancies, and does 
not cover issues and substance. In 
1980 television again failed to live 
up to its potential of helping us 
learn about the candidates and 
what they stand for. 

More public opinion polls ap- 
peared than in any previous 
election. Curiously the final polls, 
published in newspapers and an- 
nounced on television, just a few 
days before the election were far 
off the mark. None of them 
indicated the margin with which 
Reagan would beat Carter. 
Perhaps one reason for such a 
discrepancy was the large number 
of people undecided until the last 
minute. For a significant portion 
of the population, the decision 
was made in the voting booth. 

A tremendous increase in both 
numbers and influence of political 
action committees occurred dur- 
ing this election. These corporate, 
labor, and ideological interest 
groups spent millions of dollars 
on independent campaigns (hence 
skirting federal restrictions) for 
their favored candidates and 
causes. Two of these groups had 
never been heard of before but 
received considerable attention, 
the Moral Majority and NCPAC 
(the National Conservative Politi- 
cal Action Committee). Like dan- 
delions after a late spring shower, 
the political action committees 
seemed to sprout all across the 
political horizon. We will prob- 
ably see more of these organiza- 
tions in future congressional and 
Presidential elections. 

This election also swept away 
the old guard of Democratic 
liberalism in the Senate. Not only 
did the Democrats lose control of 
the Senate, but the mood and 

direction of Congress changed 
markedly, and an era of public 
policy guided and directed by the 
Democratic moderate and liberal 
elements is over. 

This election had a consistent 
pattern: the tendency of political 
analysts and opponents to under- 
estimate the strength and attrac- 
tiveness of Ronald Reagan. Hale 
Champion's guest editorial in the 
Washingtoji Post this past August 
warned complacent Democrats. 
When Champion served Califor- 
nia's Governor Pat Brown in 1966, 
the Democrats brushed Reagan 
aside as a weak opponent and 
when Reagan made his strong bid 
for the Presidency in 1976, both 
Ford and the national press 
counted him out long before the 
voters had. David Broder, consid- 
ered one of the most prescient of 
Washington journalists, confessed 
to the same oversight. He and 
most other national corre- 
spondents saw Howard Baker and 
others as the key contenders 
during the early primaries of 1980. 
Ronald Reagan was rarely men- 
tioned and was practically written 
off after losing to George Bush in 
the Iowa caucus. Yet, Reagan won 
big. Not by the landslide many 
commentators trumped-up during 
the euphoria of post-election 
analysis, but the win was clear, 
decisive, and convincing. This 
was the easy part. 

Ronald Wilson Reagan: under- 
dog, political neophyte in his 
successful run for the governor- 
ship of California in 1966; for 
eight years the controversial and 
fairly capable chief executive of 
the largest state in the union; 
darling of the Republican right- 
wing in the late sixties and 
seventies; unsuccessful Presiden- 
tial spoiler in 1968; unsuccessful 
candidate with a dedicated 

right-wing core of believers in 
1976; presumed superannuated 
elder statesman of his party's 
faithful Right. 

Reagan came to the 
Presidency — as his predecessor 
and opponent had done four 
years earlier — an outsider. His 
understanding and familiarity 
with foreign affairs issues are 
vague at best and his knowledge 
of the complexities of economics 
and public policy is sketchy. The 
problems he faces at home and 
abroad are many and 
monumental. The eleven week, 
cram course transition period 
began the political education of 
Ronald Reagan. 

These weeks between the sweet 
celebrations of victory and the 
solemn ceremony of Inauguration 
Day are extraordinarily busy ones 
for the President-elect and his key 
transition team advisors. Cabinet 
secretaries must be appointed and 
hundreds of executive-level 
positions must be filled. Unlike 
parliamentary systems of gov- 
ernment that have governments- 
in-the-waiting, our presidential 
form emphasizes the clean sweep. 
In a very short period of time, 
the new President must make 
careful selections for important 
policy-making positions. Such 
selections could constitute a full- 
time job for the new President, 
but even more important for 
Ronald Reagan during this time, 
he had to become familiar with 
the issues and processes of 
national government. 

Reagan came to the Presidency 
with a fairly clear idea of the role 
of national government in Ameri- 
can life and the leadership posi- 
tion of the President. These gen- 
eral conceptions will soon be put 
to the test, but Reagan does not 
have an intimate knowledge of 
Washington power, of which but- 
tons to push, of which pitfalls to 
beware. He may face long 
months, perhaps years, of ineffec- 
tiveness and isolation unless he 
quickly grasps the nuances and 

levers of power in the nation's 

During the transition time Rea- 
gan had to build contacts within 
his party and within that of the 
opposition. The Congress is di- 
vided, with Republicans control- 
ling the Senate and Democrats 
controlling the House. If there is 
one lesson learned from the Car- 
ter years, it is the President needs 
all the help he can get from 
Congress. Reagan cannot afford 
to be alone in the White House; 
he must not repeat Carter's mis- 
take of avoiding his legislative 
allies and ignoring his legislative 
opponents. The problems he 
faces, especially in domestic poli- 
tics, are complex and controver- 
sial; he will have to use all of his 
political and intellectual re- 

During the transition time, he 
also needed a crash course on 
American foreign policy, since he 
did not have a well-developed 
foreign policy framework while a 
candidate. He cannot afford to be 
without one now. Domestic is- 
sues, such as tax cuts, energy 
policies, or environmental con- 
trols, afford the President some 
luxury of time. These concerns are 
important, but they need not be 
resolved overnight, and the 
short-term stakes are not usually 
that high. Foreign affairs offer no 
such luxury: an irrational turn of 
events in Iran, an invasion of 
Poland by the Soviet army, an 
unanticipated military coup in a 
friendly country — each of these 
possibilities require quick and 
decisive responses by the Presi- 
dent. They above all require re- 
sponses developed from a 
background of wise counsel; inti- 
mate knowledge of the policy 
options and strengths and weak- 
nesses of the opposition; and 
most important of all, a well- 
developed sense of America's 
short- and long-range foreign 
policy objectives. 


In November 1980, the voters 
gave Ronald Reagan their vote of 
confidence (perhaps I should note 
that fifty-one percent of fifty-three 
percent of all eligible voters did). 
He campaigned on the vague 
theme. New Beginnings, and 
many who supported and worked 
for him are now looking for the 
pay off — new directions in domes- 
tic and foreign policy. 

But I am sure most campaign 
promises will not come to frui- 
tion. If public opinion studies are 
correct, a President is usually in 
his strongest and most popular 
position the day he is sworn into 
office. From that point through 
the long months that follow, the 
President, no matter who he is, 
loses support. The fifty-one per- 
cent of the voters who supported 
Reagan in November is an artifical 
coalition, one that cannot be 
sustained unless the President has 
political skill and wisdom to pro- 

Who might be most disap- 
pointed? The remnants of the 
Democratic liberal wing, of 
course, would appear to be the 
natural political enemy, but the 
greatest disappointment might 
come from the earliest and most 
committed group of supporters — 
the Republican right wing. Lead- 
ers of the conservative coalition 
were feeling their oats as they 
celebrated the defeats of Senate 
liberals and quickly took credit for 
the election of President Reagan. 
Just as quickly they put Reagan 
on notice that they expected their 
brand of politics to be standard 
form for the new administration. 
However, if Reagan follows his 
political instincts and his practice 
as governor, he will make efforts 
to accommodate the center of the 
ideological spectrum. Even when 
Reagan was a candidate, we saw 
his metamorphosis from arch- 
conservative to political moderate. 
Reagan knows he can move from 
the Far Right — these people have 
no one else to turn to. For Reagan 

the smartest thing to do is chip 
away at traditional Democratic 
party supporters, and that means 
political moderation. 

Reagan's campaign slogan. 
New Directions, flies directly in 
the face of one very important 
element of political reality. There 
is an immense amount of con- 
tinuity in national public policy. 
Programs have been created by 
past administrations and will con- 
tinue to function under this one: 
budgets for programs and agen- 
cies have already been set for the 
first year of Reagan's administra- 
tion, certain funds have already 
been authorized for three or four 
years down the road, career civil 
servants have vested interests in 
keeping alive and fostering proj- 
ects they administer, and the 
sheer enormity and diversity of 
the federal agenda makes for 
considerable policy continuity. 

In the domestic arena, probably 
the most compelling problem for 
Reagan is that he is not the only 
center of political power. Obvi- 
ously, one of our greatest prob- 
lems is America's economic ills: 
inflation, high unemployment, 
low productivity, and depen- 
dency on foreign goods. Reagan 
and his advisors have no clear cut 
solution to any of these ills, and 
even if they did, the President 
alone cannot implement such 
goals. Congress, through various 
committees. Finance, Ways and 
Means, Budget, Appropriations, 
and others; a platoon of agencies 
within the bureaucracy; and the 
Federal Reserve Board all have 
direct responsibility for such 
economic issues. As one expert on 
the Presidency has noted, in no 
other industrial country in the 
world does the President have so 
much responsibility for the coun- 
try's economic condition and in 
no country does the President 
have so few controls. 

Reagan will find intense opposi- 
tion forming around some of his 

domestic policy stances. The large 
and formidable education lobby 
will be fighting for its life in face 
of Reagan's promise to eliminate 
the new Department of Educa- 
tion. Just as in the Carter adminis- 
tration, energy issues will pit 
almost intractable forces against 
each other, with billions of dollars 
of profits at stake. Environmental 
groups will also increase political 
pressure as they prepare to do 
battle with Reagan's stance on 
issues. Deregulation, tax cuts, 
balanced budgets, the Chrysler 
bail out — these nagging issues 
alone will provide Reagan with a 
considerable political challenge. 

If we are to see "new direc- 
tions" from the Reagan adminis- 
tration, they will most likely come 
where political opposition is the 
least and where the stakes are the 
highest — foreign affairs, arms 
limitations talks, Afghanistan, 
Poland, OPEC, China-Taiwan, 
Latin America. How long a grace 
period our allies and enemies wUl 
give the new President remains to 
be seen. 

A survey of the election, transi- 
tion, and first few weeks of his 
new administration might pose 
other questions for us: Do we 
expect too much from our leader? 
Can a good campaigner become a 
good President? Can those persis- 
tent problems of economic stagna- 
tion ever be solved by any Presi- 

The easy part was indeed the 
winning. These questions and 
foreign crises, especially the Po- 
land crisis of last fall, make me 
wonder why Reagan, or anyone 
else, would want the horrible 
burden of being President. S 

Dr. Dennis W. Johnson, assistant 
professor of political science, teaches 
a course on the Presidency. He 
also taught one on the 1980 election 
and the role of mass media. Johnson 
was frequently on radio and television 
during the past election season for his 
campaign analysis. 



L 7n » <^^^ 

Walkerton, Virginia, a small 
town consisting of a main road 
with two houses, a general store 
and a post office, has a resident 

Gary R. Sange, assistant pro- 
fessor of English, moved into one 
of the two houses over two years 

The 156 persons who live 
around downtown Walkerton 
don't quite know what to make 
of Sange and his occupation, 
but Sange and his family were 
accepted almost immediately into 
the community. 

Sange feels one reason they 
may have been accepted so soon 
is because he joined the Walker- 
ton Volunteer Fire Department. 
He says he joined for his son 
Noah, who is almost 5 years old. 
"Noah loves to watch me drive 
out in his Dodge pumper," says 
Sange. But the twinkle in Sange's 
eyes indicates he loves the Dodge 
pumper as much as Noah. 

The Sange family spends part 
of each Saturday, as do most town 
folk, at the post office and at the 
general store. "An hour can be 
spent just picking up one letter," 

notes Sange. At these hubs of 
community activity, the family 
joins in sometimes heated discus- 
sions about the drought, the high 
cost of fertilizer and the problems 
with kids. 


Sange, an exuberant man in his 
early forties, has been writing 
poetry for over twenty years. His 
first experience at drawing with 
words came when he was 21. He 
went to a secluded California 
beach with a friend; there they 
saw a seal — dead and washed 
onto the sand. "1 had to resurrect 
that seal," says Sange, "and put 
him back in the water." The 
young man who never cared 
about poetry wrote 

The seal loould dive 

casting splinters of foam, 

down, submerged, 

axjoying the flow of his glide. 
And he's been writing poetry 
ever since. 

For almost as long as Sange has 

been writing poetry, he has tried 
to capture the essence of a person 
on paper. "A good character 
poem is both true to the essence 
of a real person and discovers 
a fictional character in the lan- 
guage. I want to create a blend 
of the individual and the 
imagined type so anyone can 
recognize my character, yet find 
out someone new," says Sange. 

Sange was invited to read a 
poem as the entertainment at the 
volunteer fire department's ban- 
quet for wives. This annual affair 
is a big event, and Sange was 
nervous, "1 didn't know what 
they'd think," he says. He read 
his poem about L.W. who was 
there in the room. "After being 
elbowed by his chuckling buddies, 
L.W. slapped me on the shoulder, 
crushed my hand, and said, 
'You've got me.' The impact of 
that moment was better than any 
publication," Sange says. 

The next year Sange was again 
invited to provide entertainment 
for the banquet, and read other 
new poems. 

Walkerton and its people are 
slowly being captured in words, 
not only for Sange, as a poet, 
but for the town's enjoyment. 
Here's a sampling. 


Why I'm A Member of the Volunteer 
Fire Dept 

Always the chance 
to drop everything and hold on 
to a big, rapid, shiny red thing 
through town. 

Past our house round the bend 

yelping at my yelping son 

always in time for him to point out 

that the grasping, standing man on the back 

is DAD! 


Tow-headed, grease-smeared, 

chunky rambunctuous worker, 

he's all LW and stands for nothing else. 

He'd just as soon lift pigiron as hold a big kid 

like a snug grocery bag under one arm 

or toss two hundred pound friends in the air. 

Tall thick tires on the raised 
chassis of his midnight blue, 
mellow-roaring pickup. 

All day wrenching tires off their rims 
with a crowbarred thunk, 
hammering on an anvil, 
making a blowtorch pop — 
started up diesels mutter and throb. 

First to dash to the firehouse door; 
at the wheel of the engine singing 
with a twang over the CB: 
"I'm goin to the fire 
and havin a good time ..." 

Drinking beer in a parked truck 
at night with three sOent buddies 
and his tickled giggling daughter Wendy 
all on the dark front seat . . . 

"Whatcha doin LW?" 

"Just watchin the paint dry 
on Farrel Cropper's store." 


Errand Lady 

Yodelling "heUo" 
she comes bearing sugary 
desserts we'd like to love 
and a laugh that is a gasping 
frantic kazoo. 

Under a knitted peaked baby's cap, 

her hair is up in a nest 

of coiled braids. 

Under black supervising brows, 

thick naked glasses, 

her brown eyes are jolly and huge. 

Along with herself she brings 

mason jars of wine-jello 

custard, elderberry preserves 

with licked-on labels 

of tiny script: 

"Prepared by Thelma Minter." 

Everywhere on errands, 
on the verge of one spot, 
she is jumpy, punctual, 
and always on the way out. 

Obese eaters, meringue-haters, 

gasping thankers, 

even some hungry people 

suddenly stuffed 

are strewn over her route. 

What loss, 

impossible gratitude, 

are all these giving-raids getting at? 

We made her bread she couldn't take, 

and tried to invite her in. 

Still she keeps calling to ask 
if she can come over soon 
only to arrive and say 
"I've got to be getting on." 
But each time she comes 
she arrives a little more. 


He's made it so many years 

to the empty town square he's come 

to be expected forever. 

Each day at 7AM he arrives 

to loiter on time. 

Beneath a huge red bow tie, 

a stained vest 

with a chained watch, 

he totes himself to a shuffling trudge 

in old boots leaking toes. 

In front of the postoffice and grocery, 

he moons at the beertruck 

and pleads with its driver — 

indignant twitches 

over the weary kindliness of his face. 

Grimy, dapper, 

hunched buzzard perched 

on the fence across the street, 

he guzzles properly from a brown paperbag. 

Beneath a sleet-frozen beard, 

or brow bubbling with sweat, 

wound in mufflers, 

surrounded in trousers, all day 

he will wait in the open to mind our town, 

or hike five mOes to catch his nap 

in a wheeUess, sunken, rusted truck. 

But somehow always he knows my car 

just as I'm about to hurry home from work. 

Risen from his wreck, he shoves off his stupor, 

and staggers fast across the street. 

A diligent man with deadlines, an appointment to keep, 

each day he stops me in time to declare — 

"I'll be getting back to you later, hear." 



Hanging Out 

They have to go somewhere to lurk. 
Among the islands of gaspumps, 
they crouch in the dark — 
guzzle and burp. 

Someone is always driving up 
to throb exhaust 
and slouch a head 
over a car windowsill. 

He has just said "yeah" 
to "Whatchya doin? — 
lit up for the cool dangle 
and gasp, 

to keep track of his own 
breath lingering 
under the all-night neon 
Pepsi sign. 

Suddenly he's got 

to make tires shriek, 

race his super-charged Chevy 

over the town's one dead street. 

Once again he is no longer 

left behind a listening hard 

to the roar of one car tunneling out — 

the cave in of its echo under the night. 


The poolhall at noon is a hoard of dark. 
Cool teens chalk their long cues 
and squint over a tip. Each waits his turn 
to hold back. Each aims to be right. 
No one's been sure for some time 
whether it's the orange, green, or red ball 
that should click and neatly disappear. 

No one's so bored he must look out 
through the window in the distance 
where two kids rising 
toward orange and red kites 
run out over a meadow 
in yellow and green shirts. 

Their stout grandmother 
with both feet on earth, 
plump forearms hugged 
about herself warns 
"You kids hold tight!" 
But each already is a peak 
of sky let go 
forever farther out. 


Cottage of Peace 

One can see at any time 
a little red gingerbread garage 
under shade trees next to a pond. 
One can hardly tell it holds inside 
a rarely visible gleaming black car. 

While ducks glide on mirrored clouds, 

and willows point out and dip in themselves, 

one can still overlook 

the silent circle of stone chairs, 

even a child's always empty swing. 

Once in a while from a cottage 

with its windows painted out black, 

a man in a dark suit 

appears on watch 

behind glasses of dazzling chrome. 

He Plants One A Week 
— LW 

Each morning at the postoffice 
he picks up his mail 
and waits a while. 

Between dark bowler and wingtip shoes, 
winking and glum, he faces you 
like a henchman behind your back. 

All day with candle-colored skin, 

a sheen on his suit, 

he relentlessly appears all over town. 

Closed and innocent 

as a breadtruck, his baby 

blue van drove in at dusk. 

Now late into the dark, 

one shimmering light tells you 

there is another one to be seen — 

Just behind the gingerbread trim 

on the gaunt facade 

of his viewing-room garage. 


■■1 ^. 

zj^^i' ( 

^i-^- — _y — 

k h,'^ 

1 <-J>^*^ 


I have cross-eyes just like Papa. 

I know that's why he hates me. 

Threw me against the woodstove 

when I was only a baby — the scars 

didn't go away even when I started 

to go out. To fool the old man, 

my sister and I would climb 

out of the window and go 

dancing on our own. 

But I'd always get caught 

coming in late. 

When Champ (that's really his name) 

found me in my father's house 

(it was during the Occupation 

when American boys were on the loose) 

I was only 17 

and had to ask my father's permission 

to get married and go away. 

Papa gave it so fast . . . 

he could've put a stop to anything. 

You should've seen his Nazi 

helmet and gun — Mama 

always kept me away 

whenever Papa came home 

for a rest from the war . . . 

So when he asked to be my husband, 

I went off with the other side. 

Champ brought me to big America 

and his little home town. 

I cut hair, make sweet apple cider, 

sell low cholesterol eggs, 

and work here at the country store. 

Each day my son drives up 

in his hot truck 

and comes in for a beer. 

He calls me "Mumma" 

and I call him "Dummkopf " 

but I love the little sucker . . . 

(I kick him in the butt 

if he get out of line) . . . 

I know I'm still cross-eyed like Papa 

but I feel just right 

when I zip up 

my GULF jumpsuit 

and pump for customers 

that like me 

because I try to be polite, 

and can't help it when I say "sheist." 



Men's Basketball 

With a victory over No. 10 
South Alabama in their pockets, 
the VCU Rams continued their 
recovery from a three game losing 
streak in early January. The 86-70 
win over the Jaguars (No. 10 in 
UPI poll, 11 in AP poll) was a 
definite high point of the season 
and was called "our second 
biggest win ever" (after the win 
over Alabama Birmingham last 
year which took the Rams into the 
NCAA playoffs) by coach J. D. 

The season began with the 
Virginia Tipoff Tournament. VCU 
edged Lafayette 44-40 before fall- 
ing to Virginia, destined to be 
No. 1 in the country, 77-62. 
Danny Kottak made the all- 
tournament team on the strength 
of 27 points in 2 games. 

VCU opened its home season at 
the Richmond Coliseum with a 
77-58 win over William & Mary 
and followed by topping 
Richmond 88-76. Kenny Stancell 
starred with 41 points and 29 
rebounds in the two games and 
Monty Knight scored 28 against 
the Spiders. 

The wins continued at Norfolk 
as VCU topped Old Dominion 
65-56. Knight and Sherod each 

had 18 points and Stancell added 
14. The 46-point week gave 
Knight Sun Belt Player of the 
Week honors. 

The pre-Christmas schedule 
ended with wins over Georgia 

State (81-69) and Cincinnati 
(78-58). Greg McCray had two big 
games, totalling 43 points and 31 

In the Times-Dispatch Invita- 
tional, the Rams opened the 
tournament with a 57-51 win over 

Rams Do It Again ! 

VCU Sun Belt Champs; 
Win NCAA Bid 

VCU's Rams became the first 
team to repeat as Sun Belt 
Conference tournament 

The championship game 
against the University of 
Alabama — Birmingham went 
into overtime after a 57-57 tie. 
Edmund Sherod was fouled 

with four seconds of overtime 
play remaining. He had two 
shots. He stepped to the free- 
throw line and missed the first. 
But he hit the second. 

This 62-61 victory over the UAB 
Blazers made the Rams the first 
team nationally to qualify for the 
NCAA playoffs. 

Early in the game Kenny 
Stancell, who was named the 
tournament's Most Valuable 
Player, and Greg McCray worked 
under the boards to totally 
dominate the Blazers, with 

Stancell pulling down 12 
rebounds and McCray 10. 
Monty Knight assisted with an 
additional 9 rebounds. 

Stancell led the double figure 
shooting with 20 points. Knight 
had 12, and Edmund Sherod had 

Coach J. D. Barnett said the 
key to winning was "making 
the pressure plays, which made 
the difference." He added, 
"These guys never give up." 


Virginia Tech in which VCU 
overcame a slow start to rally for a 
22-22 halftime tie and then pulled 
away to win in the second half. 
The Rams won the championship 
(their first) with a 61-44 trouncing 
of Old Dominion. The Rams held 
ODU to only two field goals in the 
last 12 minutes as the game 
turned into a rout. Edmund 
Sherod was the tournament's 
MVP and was joined on the 
all-tournament team by Kottak 
and Stancell. Thus ended 1980. 

The new year began with an 
invasion by South Alabama, 
ranked No. 15 in the polls at the 
time. The Jaguars stretched their 
road winning streak to 16 with a 
76-62 win. 

Then the Rams took to the 
road, travelling to Birmingham to 

face UAB. The Blazers emerged 
with a 67-65 win, and Ram coach 
J. D. Barnett emerged very upset 
because of the officiating, "mis- 
takes at the scorer's table and 
intimidation by Blazer coach Gene 

A 73-68 loss to rejuvenated 
South Florida ended the trip. 
Once again, the Rams were un- 
able to rally late in the game as 
they were hampered by a scoring 
slump which claimed Sherod and 
Knight (22 combined points on 
the road trip). 

The losing streak was snapped 
with an 86-75 win on regional 
television over UNCC. Danny 
Kottak scored 20 points and won 
the player of the game award. The 
Rams then traveled to Atlanta to 
face Georgia State and came away 
with an 84-71 win in which they 
had a 25-point lead with 5:00 left. 
Greg McCray had 18 points and 

his second straight 18 rebound 
game while Stancell added 24 
points. Then came the game at 
South Alabama. 

The season continues with 
chances for revenge against the 
Blazers and Bulls. The Rams are 
counting on a late season surge 
similar to last year's to prepare 
them for the Sun Belt Tournament 
and a chance at post-season play. 

Notes: Stancell has double 
figure scoring in 14 of 15 games 
— Sherod and Kottak have joined 
the 1,000-point club this season — 
Sherod has already set career 
records for assists (breaking Dave 
Edwards' old mark) and minutes 
played (snapping Ren Watson's 
record) — after 15 games, four 
Rams in double figure scoring — 
StanceU (16.3), Kottak (13.0), 
Knight (11.1) and Sherod (10.5)— 
Stancell (9.3) and McCray (9.6) are 
best rebounders in the 
conference — Sherod tops in Sun 
Belt assists (6.6) — McCray set 
school record with 10-10 effort 
from field vs. Cincinnati — 
Sherod's 15 assists vs. Cincinnati 
tied school mark — 4 turnovers at 
South Alabama is fewest in VCU's 

Women's Basketball 

First in the state! That's the 
ambition of Mike Mays and the 
VCU women's basketball team. 
And they're there with a 6-0 
record (9-2 overall) through 
January 22. 

The surprise leader for the 
veteran club is freshman guard 
Connie Watford. The 5-9 rookie 
from Hampton is averaging 15.6 
points per game, hitting 69.5% 
from the field, and is second on 
the team in rebounds (6.6), assists 
(27) and steals (33). She has 
helped ease the loss (to knee 
injury) of her sister Barbara. 

Junior all-state center Becky 
Crow has also been a key, with 
14.5 points, 73.7% from the foul 
line and a team high 7.6 rebounds 
per game. 

Mays has gotten strong efforts 
from all his players: Pat Perry is 
averaging 10.5 ppg, Nancy Wil- 
liams leads the state in assists (65), 


and both Susan Caskie and 
Rachel Jordan have had good 
games at forward. 

The Rams' only defeats were to 
Division I Temple and nationally 
ranked Virginia. In their biggest 
outburst of the season, VCU 
erupted for 61 second half points 
against Hampton InsHtute to rally 
for an 83-72 league win. 

The winner of the VAIAW 
Division II regular season has the 
top seed in the tournament and 
will host a first round game. The 
final two rounds of the tourna- 
ment are March 6-7 at Longwood 
v^th the regionals the following 
week at Lenior Rhyne. 

The Rams expect to be there 
and, if prior performance is any 
indication, they will be! 


The VCU baseball team will 
play a 54-game schedule, includ- 
ing 32 at home this year. The 
Rams have 18 double-headers and 
18 single games on the slate. 
Twenty of the home games are 
slated for Parker Field, eight for 
Horace Edwards Field, and four 
have not been set. 

'T am very pleased by this 
schedule," said baseball coach 
Lou Martin. "We have all the 
state teams coming here in addi- 
tion to Sun Belt opponents Geor- 
gia State, UAB, and UNCC. In 
addition, after our season- 
opening spring trip, we only have 
nine away dates." 

The spring trip features three 
games at Georgia State, double- 
headers at UNCC and UAB as 
well as a single game at Davidson. 
The first home game is a March 
20th double-header against Ship- 
pensburg State. 

One of the highlights of the 
spring is a double-header at 
Parker Field on April 22nd with 
VCU facing Richmond in the 
opener (4:30) and the Richmond 
Braves playing Syracuse in the 


1981 Baseball Schedule 







Mar. 9 

Georgia State (2) 




Mar. 10 

Georgia State 




Mar. 11 

Alabama in Birmingham (2) 


1:00 (CST) 


Mar. 12 





Mar. 13 

UNC Chariotte (2) 




Mar. 18 

Old Dominion 




Mar. 20 

Shippensburg State (2) 




Mar. 21 

Shippensburg State (2) 




Mar. 22 

Lock Haven State 




Mar. 24 

Georgia State (2) 




Mar. 26 

George Mason 




Mar. 27 





Mar. 28 

Catholic (2) 




Mar. 29 

Vermont (2) 




Mar. 30 

Delaware (2) 




Mar. 31 

Virginia Tech (2) 




Apr. 1 

Old Dominion 




Apr. 4 

Liberty Baptist (2) 




Apr. 7 

Old Dominion 




Apr. 8 





Apr. 10 





Apr. 11 

Alabama in Birmingham (2) 




Apr. 12 

James Madison (2) 




Apr. 13 

Liberty Baptist (2) 




Apr. 15 





Apr. 17 

George Mason 




Apr. 18 

UNC Chariotte (2) 




Apr. 20 

Catholic (2) 




Apr. 22 





Apr. 23 

William & Mary 




Apr. 25 

Towson State 




Apr. 26 

Towson State 




Apr. 27 

William & Mary 




Apr. 28 





Apr. 29 

Virginia Tech (2) 




Apr. 30 

Old Dominion 



May 8-11 





Despite a lack of depth which 
hinders the teams in dual meets, 
the VCU swimming teams have 
qualified for national competition. 

The lone man to qualify is diver 
Mark Jones, who garnered 458.90 
points against Virginia Tech. 
Coach Ron Tsuchiya is hoping for 
improved times as the season 

The women's team has 
qualified members for four indi- 
vidual events and two relays. The 
400 medley relay team of Pam 
Thomas, Shelly Frazier, Lee Ann 
Swart and Joan Lodholz had a 
4:14.28 vs. James Madison while 
the 200 medley relay team of 
Thomas, Colleen Ritz, Swart and 
Lodholz had a 1:56.895 against 
Virginia Tech. Individually, 
Frazier has qualified for two 
events — 50 breaststroke (33.436 
vs. Virginia Tech) and 200 
breaststroke (2:35.5 vs. Old 


Dominion), Swart has qualified 
for the 50 butterfly (28.045 vs. 
James Madison) while Thomas 
is in the 200 backstroke (2:18.865 
vs. James Madison). 

The NCAA diving regionals are 
at the University of Florida on 
March 13-14. 


VCU's wrestling team, under 
the guidance of a new coach, 
Vincent Roane, has been gaining 
recognition throughout the state. 

Strong performances by 
heavyweight Jim Burns (14-1-1) 
and 190-pounder Mike Catling 
(14-4) have been bright spots for 
the Rams this year. So has been 
the performance of Colin Coffey, 
134-lb, with a 13-5 record. He 
finished fourth in the prestigious 
Wilkes Rose Bowl Wrestling Clas- 
sic over the Christmas holidays. 

All of the other men have been 
improving daily, according to 
Roane, especially Stu Idelson, 
158, Danny Bowens, 118, and 
Chris Blomberg, 167. 

Did Ybu Know. 

A Joint Effort 

A new project to revitalize 
residential and commercial 
neighborhoods in Richmond was 
started by a group of architects, 
bankers, realtors, urban planners, 
and community leaders meeting 
at VCU. 

The group heard urban plan- 
ners at the Center for Public 
Affairs describe the Richmond 
Revitalization Project, which aims 
to restore the vigor of residential 
and commercial neighborhoods 
through historic preservation, 
adaptive use, and conservation 

A steering committee will set 
policies, choose project areas, and 
guide the planning process, ac- 
cording to project director Dr. 
Morton B. Gulak, associate pro- 
fessor of urban studies and plan- 

"Initial project areas will be 
studied by teams composed of 
university faculty, graduate stu- 
dents and professionals in the 
City of Richmond planning office, 
and local architects who will 
develop social and economic pro- 
files, identify significant struc- 
tures and sites, and produce plans 
for marketing," he said. Com- 
pleted plans will be turned over to 
the public for implementation by 
property owners, investors and 
others in the private sector. 

The first site selected for the 
revitalization study is an area 
bounded by the north side of 
Broad Street, the north side of 
Marshall Street, First Street and 
Madison Street, all of which is 
zoned for business and commer- 
cial use. 

"This area is obviously not 
meeting its potential," said Gulak. 
"Though it contains numerous 
businesses including a bank, 
florist, auto repair garage, cafes, 
two restored theaters and a 
museum, its weaknesses include 
several vacant buildings and oc- 
cupied buildings that are not 

"The steering committee was 

impressed with the potential of 
the area because of improvements 
planned or underway in areas 
adjacent to it, and because of 
improvements begun within it," 
he said. 

The study will include residen- 
tial improvements along with 
business improvements, while re- 
taining the character of the 
neighborhood. The first step of 
the study will involve interview- 
ing business owners and residents 
in and near the area to learn what 
they might like to have in the 
neighborhood. The group will 
also perform a market study 
which will involve gathering a 
number of facts about the area, 
including census information, in- 
come ranges, an analysis of shop- 
ping patterns, and travel patterns 
in and out of the area. 

"We will study the buildings to 
determine their potential for 
adaptive reuse or improvement of 
their current use," says Gulak, 
"and we'll examine other aspects 
of the environment such as 
sidewalks, trees, parks, parking, 
color, texture and signs through 
a technique called urban design 

Completion of the study is 
expected by mid-May, 1981, and 
publication and public dissemina- 
tion of the results should occur by 

Encasement May 
Overcome Rejection 

Living, insulin-producing cells 
that are encased in tiny man- 
made capsules have been im- 
planted in diabetic rats and have 
returned the rats to normalcy for 
three weeks. 

The microcapsules protected 
the transplanted pancreatic islet 
cells from rejection by the rats' 
natural defense mechanisms. 
Transplantation rejection has been 
a major obstacle to controlling 
diabetes by transplantation of the 

The new experiments promise 
eventual use of pancreatic islet 
cell transplantation in treating 
human diabetes, according to Dr. 
Franklin Lim of VCU and Dr. 
Anthony M. Sun of Connaught 

Research Institute in Toronto. 

The islet cells survived and 
prospered, enveloped in tiny, 
porous capsules developed by Dr. 
Lim in Richmond and patented by 
the firm that supported his re- 
search, the Damon Corporation of 
Needham, Massachusetts. Dr. 
Lim first reported the successful 
microencapsulation of living tis- 
sue at a scientific meeting held in 
March 1979 and received wide 
attention from the scientific and 
lay press when he predicted that 
the microcapsule technology 
could overcome the body's rejec- 
tion mechanism. 

Under the direction of Dr. Sun, 
scientists implanted five diabetic 
rats with microencapsulated 
pancreatic islet cells and five 
other diabetic rats with pancreatic 
islet cells that were not protected 
by microcapsules. The rats that 
received microencapsulated cells 
remained normal for three weeks, 
but the ones that received unpro- 
tected cells returned to a diabetic 
state after six to eight days. 

"One of the great potential 
advantages of transplanted, mic- 
roencapsulated cells is their ability 
to produce insulin as needed," 
said Dr. Lim. Current means of 
controlling diabetes by injections 
of insulin are less precise and are 
believed to have long-term com- 
plications including blindness, 
kidney disease, heart disease and 
nerve disorders. 

The capsules are made of a 
non-toxic polysaccharide mem- 
brane that allows body nutrients 
and glucose to enter and react 
with the cells which secrete insu- 
lin. Pores in the capsules are small 
enough to screen out agents of 
the body's defense mechanisms, 
primarily white blood cells, pre- 
venting destruction of the pan- 
creatic cells by the rejection proc- 

The capsules act like the sac 
around an egg yolk or the 
placenta adjacent to the human 
fetus — protecting life, while al- 
lowing food, oxygen and waste to 
flow across the membrane. 

Additional clusters of microen- 

capsulated rat pancreas cells con- 
tinued to live and produce insulin 
in laboratory culture dishes for 
longer than four months. This 
experimental success suggests a 
new production source of natural 

Third in the list of leading 
killer diseases, diabetes generally 
involves a deficiency of insulin, a 
hormone produced in the pan- 
creas that helps the body use 
glucose and other sugars and 
carbohydrates. There are an esti- 
mated 10 million diabetics in the 
United States. Some 1.5 million 
adults and children control their 
condition with daily injections of 
animal insulin. 

Only rarely has successful 
human pancreas transplantation 
been accomplished in the past. 
Transplanted whole human pan- 
creases or human islet cells have 
been rejected by recipients, except 
when the pancreas tissue of sev- 
eral human fetuses has been 
transplanted to a single recipient. 

Previously reported islet cell 
transplantation in animals re- 
quired long-term injections of 
anti-rejection drugs which sup- 
press the body's defenses against 
infection. The long-term use of 
such drugs would not be accepta- 
ble in the treatment of human 
diabetics, the researchers stated. 

A St. Louis research team has 
recently reported successful 
transplantation in animals of un- 
encapsulated islets following a 
single injection of anti-rejection 
drugs. But no other scientists 
have been successful in duplicat- 
ing their experiment which was 
based on incubating islet cells in a 
higher-than-normal concentration 
of oxygen for seven days before 

Eventually, the microcapsules 
may need replacement, the scien- 
tists said. At that point, a new 
supply of encapsulated cells 
would be implanted in the liver, 
spleen, abdominal cavity, muscles, 
or under the skin, but the best site 
has yet to be determined. Since 
the microcapsules are so tiny, 
they could be injected with a 
hypodermic needle, the scientists 


Dr. Lim said that microcapsules 
have several other potentials for 
use, including the mass produc- 
tion of drugs in microencapsu- 
lated tissue cultures and the mic- 
roencapsulation of red and white 
blood cells for longevity and 
cancer therapy. He said that the 
microcapsule technology is ideal 
for creating an artificial liver using 
living liver cells. 

Sport for the Mind 

Q: How many electoral votes are 
needed to win the Presidency 
of the United States? 

A: 270 

Q: What mammal is the largest 
eventoed, hoofed, non- 
ruminating animal on earth? 

A: Hippopotamus 

The above questions are sample 
toss-up questions, each worth ten 

points, for the College Bowl. 
These questions determine which 
team may then earn bonus points. 

According to Terri Delahunty, 
program advisor. Student Ac- 
tivities Office, the College Bowl 
questions test a team's knowledge 
of liberal arts and trivia. 

Since fall, teams of students 
have competed for places on 
VCU's varsity team. Students 
who will compete for the univer- 
sity are chosen for the number of 
questions answered and the kinds 
of questions answered. 

To determine national regional 
finalists players represented the 
university at a regional competi- 
tion in mid-November at Central 
Piedmont Community College in 
North Carolina. Each team in 
these regionals tries to be first to 
win three consecutive games. A 

loss means elimination from the 
tournament. These three-time 
winners retire from regular season 
play undefeated; if there aren't 
enough three-time winners at 
season's end, the field is com- 
pleted by high scoring two-time 

"Unfortunately, VCU's team 
was defeated in the first round by 
Wake Forest, the regional cham- 
pion," says Delahunty, "but we 
did get in a lot of practice games. 
We now know more about the 
competition and the type of ques- 
tions asked." 

Since the defeat, the team's 
members have been practicing 
each weekend. The team uses 
questions supplied by faculty or 
questions from thirty College 
Bowl game packages. 

It takes a while to become used 
to the quick recall technique 


VCU Summer Studies 1981 gives you the choice of nearly 1,000 undergraduate and 
graduate classes and workshops. Classes are offered in the mornings, afternoons and 
evenings to fit a wide variety of schedules. 

Advance Mail Registration In-Person Registration 

February 23-MaY 4 for classes beginning in May 
February 23-May 22 for classes beginning in June 
February 23-Iuly 1 for classes beginning in July 

May 14, 9 a.m. -8 p.m., first floor Hibbs Bldg. for 
classes beginning in May or on June 6 
June 9, 9 a.m. -8 p.m., first floor Hibbs Bldg., for 
all other classes 


Classes Start 

No. Wks. 

Classes End 

May 18 


June 5 

May 18 


June 19 

May 26 


June 12 

May 26/27 (evening) 


July 15/16 

June 6 (Saturday) 


Aug. 15 

June 15 


July 15 

June 15 


July 23 

June 15 


Aug. 14 

June 15/16 (evening) 


Aug. 5/6 

June 22 


July 24 

June 22/23 


Aug. 12/13 

July 16 


Aug. 14 

July 27 


Aug. 14 

For additional information. Bulletins or registration materials contact the office of Evening and Summer 
Studies, Room 114, 901 W. Franklin St., Richmond, VA 23284; (804) 257-0200. 



necessary for a championship 
team and also takes time to 
become used to analyzing College 
Bowl questions. 

"The team did well on history 
and current affairs; what we need 
to work on is music and 
mathematics," says Delahunty. In 
order to have the team ready for 
spring competitions, the team has 
been working with H. W. Carle of 
the music department and Robert 
H. Johnston and Dr. David F. 
Bauer of the mathematics depart- 

The team's members are: 
Richard A. Cronin, Jr., pharmacy 
1982; John W. Edwards, senior, 
English; Peter C. MacPherson, 
sophomore, mass communica- 
tions; Sylvia C. Mann, junior, 
biology/ philosophy; Paul A. Maz- 
zuca, junior, biology /philosophy; 
James C. Nuttle, senior, com- 
munication arts; Bryan K. Selz, 
senior, philosophy; and Leo G. 
Simonetta, senior, business/ 

Questioning the T-Cell 

Scientists at MCV have been 
given $59,709 from the National 
Foundation for Ileitis and Colitis 
for a two-year project to investi- 
gate the role of a recently discov- 
ered type of white blood cell 
which affects inflammatory bowel 

Dr. Charles O. Elson, associate 
professor of medicine, will serve 
as the principal investigator for 
the project. 

Elson says the project will 
attempt to determine whether 
certain white blood cells are help- 
ful in controlling flare-ups of 
ileitis and colitis, diseases which 
affect two mUlion Americans, or 
whether the cells play a role in the 
origination of the diseases and 
subsequent inflammatory stages 
of the diseases. 

The white blood cells under 
study are a normal part of the 
body's natural defense 
mechanisms against disease and 
are called T-cells because they are 
derived from the thymus gland. 

"We hope to learn more about 

these particular T-cells, whether 
they influence the course of ileitis 
and colitis positively or nega- 
tively, and to discover the specific 
functions of these cells in people 
who have either or both dis- 
eases," said Elson. 


Dr. Charles R. Blem, associate 
professor, biology, has been 
elected a fellow of the Council of 
the American Association for the 
Advancement of Sciences 

The honor is extended to those 
members "whose efforts on behalf 
of the advancement of science or 
its applications are scientifically or 
socially distinguished." 

Dr. Jack A. Duncan, professor, 
educational services, received the 
Virginia Personnel and Guidance 
Association's Career Service 
Award for 1980 at the organiza- 
tion's annual meeting. 

Eileen Hardigan, administrator, 
obstetrics and gynecology, has 
been elected vice-president/ 
president elect of the Association 
of Managers of Gynecology and 

Dr. Louis S. Harris, professor 
and chairman, pharmacology, has 
been elected to the 1980-85 Com- 
mittee of Revision of the United 
States Pharmacopeial Convention 

Dr. Harry Lyons (dentistry 
1923) was presented the Distin- 
guished Service Award of the 
American Dental Association at 
the association's annual meeting. 
The award is the highest honor 
the ADA presents. Dr. Lyons, 
dean emeritus, was dean of the 
School of Dentistry from 1951 to 

Gerard B. McCabe, director. 
University Libraries, has been 
appointed to an advisory commit- 
tee for a second edition of Plmi- 
ning Academic and Research Librar- 
ies, to be published by the Ameri- 
can Library Association. 

Dr. Nancy B. McWilliams, asso- 

ciate professor, pediatric 
hematology-oncology, was named 
one of ten women of the year by 
the Richmond area YWCA. She 
has specialized in the study of 
childhood leukemia and 
hemophilia. She has also been 
involved in teaching, patient care 
and research, and was instrumen- 
tal in the development of the 
Ronald McDonald House, a home 
where the parents of children 
with serious illnesses can stay 
inexpensively while their children 
are in Richmond for extended 

Dr. Glenn A. Miller, assistant 
professor, microbiology, has been 
awarded an American Cancer 
Society grant to study "Macro- 
phage Heterogeneity in Tumor 

Dr. Edward H. Peeples, Jr. 
(B.S. health and physical educa- 
tion 1957), associate professor, 
preventive medicine, has been 
appointed by City Council to the 
Richmond Human Relations 
Commission and has been 
selected as a member of the board 
of directors of the Association for 
the Behavioral Sciences and 
Medical Education. 

Dr. Michael D. Pratt, assistant 
professor, economics, is a 
member of the professional staff 
of Richmond's Capital City Gov- 
ernment Commission, serving as 
a consultant. 

Ann Pryor (B.S. nursing 1972), 
oncology nurse clinician, has been 
elected vice-president/ president- 
elect of the Association of Pedi- 
atric Oncology Nursing. 

Ann Robbins, director, dietetic 
internship, has been named to the 
Commission on Accreditation, the 
accrediting agency of the Ameri- 
can Dietetic Association, for a 
three-year term. 

Robert L. Schneider, associate 
professor and assistant dean, so- 
cial work, was one of twenty 
persons chosen by Governor John 
N. Dalton to attend the White 
House Conference on Aging. The 
conference is held once every ten 
years for the setting of national 
policies on aging which will affect 
the next ten-year period. 


Happened To. 

A Quick Trip 

Sherri Lee Rose (B.S. nursing 
1975), a pediatric nurse practitioner 
at the Child Development Clinic 
of Roanoke, received a telephone 
call on October 30, 1979, which 
changed her life. The call was 
from a friend at the Appalachian 
Division of the American Red 
Cross. He was recruiting volun- 
teer nurses for a Cambodian 
refugee camp and needed a 
pediatric nurse or mid- wife. 
Was she interested? She was, and 
accepted the next day. 

One day later she received 
notification of her acceptance. The 
next day, November 2, was her 
last day at the clinic, and on 
November 5 she left Roanoke for 
Washington, D.C. The next day 
she was briefed; the next, headed, 
for Geneva, Switzerland and 
another briefing. On November 
10, she was in Bangkok and by 
November 12 at the refugee camp, 

The camp is located less than 50 
miles from the Cambodian border 
in the Chanthaburi Province and 
less than 10 mUes from the Gulf of 

She was one of the first group 
of nurses to arrive at a refugee 
camp, under the auspices of the 
International Committee of the 
Red Cross. Within two hours 
of her arrival at Kamput, refugees 
were brought in by the Thai 
military. Military personnel had 
already processed the refugees' 
papers and had a card on each 
individual which included the 
person's name, age, sex and 
village. The military also made the 
initial decisions regarding refugee 
placement in the camp or in the 
camp's hospital. 

Kamput is a small refugee 
village, since its total population 
numbers close to 1,500, while 
other camps have as many as 
40,000 persons. When the refu- 
gees initially entered the camp 


Cambodia?! greeting. 

Children tvaiting in out-patient line. 

ASu'iss nurse supervising water boiling. 

Sherri L. Rose. 

there were fewer than 30 children 
under the age of 5, fewer than 75 
children under the age of 12, and 
only five persons over 40. And 
only three women were pregnant. 
Due to the stress caused by the 
flight from Cambodia and the lack 
of food and water, the majority 
of women had also stopped men- 

"They're running away from 
something so bad that they 
choose to survive in the jungles, 
chew bark, and drink water out of 
the swamps. How the refugees 
ever survived physically or emo- 
tionally is amazing. When I look 
back, I think of what humans can 
do to other humans, and I don't 
understand," says Rose. 

Medical problems varied while 
she was at the camp, but the 
biggest problem was establishing 
medical standards based on 
eastern medicine, rather than the 
more advanced practices of 
western medicine. 

Rose helped deliver one baby. 
Medical supplies were not avail- 
able, not even an umbilical clamp 
for the cord. The baby weighed 
only four pounds, which is slight 
even for a Cambodian baby, but 
the baby survived. 

"All we could do was adminis- 
ter medication and feed and com- 
fort them. And for the first two 
weeks we had only one practicing 
physician. We (nurses) also had to 
accept a maternal role because 
very few children had parents," 
says Rose. 

After two weeks the camp 
routine became fairly regular with 
the nurses working 12 to 14 hour 
days. Yet, some like Rose, spent 
extra time with the refugees 
singing songs or just keeping 
them company. As more volun- 


teers arrived, including groups of 
Southern and American Baptists, 
more time was devoted to just 
being with the refugees. 

Many countries offered medical 
assistance and food or supplies, 
usually through the U.N. High 
Commission for Refugees, but 
sometimes as individual nations. 
One major project of the U.N. 
commission was the every other 
day supply of food to the refugees. 
This rationing consisted of rice, 
vegetables and dried fish. 

Rose notes that at first there 
was "a hesitation on the part of 
the refugees to trust us. But we 
got to know them even though 
we had to communicate using 
sign language. After a short 
period of time the refugees picked 
up 'okay' which we did say a lot. 


Class Rings 

Even if you failed to buy a class ring 
as a student, you can now order one. 
Rings for both men and women are 
available in a wide variety of styles. 
For more information and a price list, 
write for a ring order kit and please, 
specify whether the ring is for a man 
or a woman. 

For a ring order kit-price list, 
please write: Alumni Activities 
Office, Virginia Commonwealth 
University, Richmond, Virginia 

As I would pass a group of people 
they'd say 'okay' and it meant a 
lot. It was more than just a word; 
it meant we were friends." 

A real communication break- 
through came when it was 
learned that a few Cambodians 
could speak French. AU necessary 
communication was then trans- 
lated from English, to French, to 
Cambodian, and back. Later in 
her stay a Cambodian from 
Richmond, Virginia, arrived with 
a Southern Baptist group to 
translate and give language les- 
sons. In less than six weeks, 
doctors, nurses and other volun- 
teers could converse in Cambo- 
dian using simple sentences, be- 
cause their language is a simple 

There were noticeable im- 
provements in the refugees. After 
three weeks a weight gain was 
obvious in most of the population; 
by the fourth week, as depression 
lifted and bodies became physi- 
cally stronger, smiles began to 
appear; and by the fifth week 
some refugees started planting 

Rose's trip was cut short by one 
and a half months. It was Christ- 
mas Eve, and she wanted to 
telephone her parents. She was 
taking a taxi into town when the 
driver assaulted and almost mur- 
dered her. Since her arrival back 
in Virginia, she has undergone 
reconstructive surgery for her 
wounds. But, even though she 
was attacked, she has no regrets 
for the months spent in Cambo- 
dia. She wonders about the 
Cambodian refugees and their 
lives. She wonders if her friends 
are still alive; if they have had to 
flee again. 

She feels that what happened 
to her could have happened any- 
where and doesn't discourage 
others from going. 

She has picked up her life again 
and works part-time. She has 
also started the master's degree 
program at U.Va. in pediatric 

For her life goes on, as it does 
for the refugees. 


Basil B. Jones (M.D. '17) retired from 
active practice in 1968, but he is still 
actively studying the prevention and 
treatment of degenerative diseases. 


Addle H. Gale (B.S. nursing '32) is 
retired. She is busy working with 
United Methodist Women at the local 
and district levels and with Eastern 


Somomon Disick (M.D. '35) is re- 
tired. In October 1980 he was elected a 
member of the Institutional Review 
Board and Bio-Medical Review Com- 
mittee, School of Human Develop- 
ment, Pennsylvania State University. 


Patricia Royal Perkinson (B.S., psy- 
chology '46) director of community 
services at J. Sargeant Reynolds Com- 
munity College in Richmond, has been 
elected to a two-year term as chairman 
of the Board of the Virginia Division, 
American Cancer Society. She was re- 
cently named Press Woman of the Year 
by the Virginia Press Women, the sec- 
ond time the former secretary of the 
Commonwealth has been accorded this 


Phyllis Alfriend Taylor (B.S. social 
science '48) is in her twelfth year as an 
elementary teacher for Richmond Pub- 
lic Schools. 


Lola M. Shiflet (B.F.A. drama '49) is 
employed as business administrator of 
the Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church 
in New York City. 


The Northeast Alabama Regional 
Medical Center in Anniston, Alabama, 
announced the association of George 
C. Ritchie, Jr. (M.D. '50) as its new 
director and chairman of the Depart- 
ment of Psychiatry. 


Edith M. Merritt Oliver (St. Philip 
nursing '51) has retired after 25 years as 
community health nurse with the De- 
partment of Human Services, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 



Dewey H. Bell, Jr. (D.D.S. '52) be- 
came a member of the Federated Or- 
ganizations of Prosthodontists. 


Gilda Kruger Schenker (B.S. social 
science /sociology '53) is in a new career 
as a budget analyst for the District of 
Columbia government. 


Henderson P. Graham (D.D.S. '54) is 
president of the American Association 
of Dental Examiners. 

David H. Smalley (dramatic arts '54) 
is producing and directing television 
programs for the South Carolina Edu- 
cational Television Network. His pro- 
ductions include "The Garden Spot," 
which is in syndication, "How the 
Other Half Laughs," "The Mighty 
Gents," and "Carolighting," a one 
hour Christmas special for PBS. 


The Richmond Young Women's 
Christian Association honored Jean L. 
Harris (M.D. '55) for her achievements 
in government at their 92nd annual 
meeting. Harris was honored by the 
association for her contributions to 
community health care and her com- 
mitment to eliminating discrimination. 

Mary Lou H. Moore (B.S. nursing 
'55) became a fellow of the American 
Academy of Nursing in September 


David G. Williamson, Jr. (M.H.A. 
'57), executive vice-president of the 
Hospital Corporation of America, was 
appointed to the National Council for 
Health Planning by the secretary of 
Health and Human Services. 

Percy Wootton (M.D. '57, resident 
'60) was elected to the post of president 
of the Medical Society of Virginia. 


Lester L. Lamb (M.H.A. '58) is presi- 
dent of the Virginia Hospital Associa- 
tion, chairman of the Virginia Hospital 
Insurance Referral's Subscriber Advis- 
ory Committee, and a member of the 
Virginia Health Service Cost Review 
Commission, which he was appointed 
to by Governor Dalton. 

Philip G. McKown, Jr. (B.S. busi- 
ness '58) former owner and president 
of Custom Mailers & Consultants Inc., 
is now an associate with Needle's Eye 
Ministries Inc. in Richmond. This is a 
Christian ministry to professional and 
business people. 

James L. Ross (D.D.S. '58) was re- 
cently honored by the Central Indiana 
Soaring Society Inc. as its founder and 
as a twenty year charter member. 


Still Life with Woodpecker, the third novel 
of Tom Robbins (B.S. journalism '59) 
is, according to a review in the 
Richmond News Leader, "quite simply, 
one of the most humorous and percep- 
tive novels to come along in the last 
quarter of the 20th century." 

Robert G. Sanderson (B.F.A. fashion 
illustration '59) has been the director of 
advertising for Herman's World 
Sporting Goods, W. R. Grace, New 
York, for the past year. Some of his 
work was included in an advertising 
design textbook which was published 
by the University of South Carolina in 
January 1981. 


Betsy A. Brampton (B.S. nursing 
'60), an associate professor of 
maternal-child nursing at MCV, has 
completed the process leading to 
certification as a nurse practitioner in 
obstetrics and gynecology. 

Robert G. Buchanan (B-.F.A. drama- 
tic arts '60) is treasurer for Century 
Theatre in New York City. 


Edward T. Lippy, Jr. (B.S. general 
business '65) is president of Lippy's 
University Tire and Automobile Center 
in Richmond. 

J. Dennis Mull (M.D. '65) is in his 
fifth year at the Department of Family 
Medicine at the University of California 
Irvine where he is an associate profes- 


Peggy Hardy Moore (B.F.A. interior 
design '66) exhibited her watercolor 
paintings at the Hampton Center for 
the Arts and Humanities. 

Rudolph O. Shackelford (B.M. 
composition and organ '66) was com- 
missioned to compose a composition 
for the Virginia Music Teachers Asso- 
ciation's 16th annual meeting. The 
work, titled, "With the Gift of an 

Alabaster Tortoise," was based on a 
poem by James Wright, and was scored 
for mezzo-soprano, flute, guitar and 


A special casualty insurance course 
on all forms of insurance protection for 
both individuals and business firms 
was completed by G. Baxton Barger 
(B.S. business management '67), a rep- 
resentative of Aetna Life & Casuality in 
Staunton, Virginia. 


Gray "Buzz" Morris (B.A. history 
'68) has returned to VCU to work on a 
master of public administration. From 
1969 to 1973 he served in the U.S. Air 
Force and was stationed in Japan. In 
1974 he completed a master in guidance 
and counseling from Old Dominion 
University and became employed as a 
probations officer for the Virginia State 
Department of Corrections. 

Robert C. Morris (B.S. retailing '68) 
recently moved from his position as 
group manager. New Product De- 
velopment, Pillsbury Company, Min- 
neapolis, Minnesota, to director of 
marketing development. The Marriott 
Corporation, Washington, D.C. 


Clyde M. Fowler, Jr. (B.F.A. com- 
munication arts and design '69) has 
been with the North Carolina School of 
the Arts for six years as director of the 
high school visual arts program and as 
instructor of drawing for both the high 
school and college classes. He also de- 
signed costumes for the school's pro- 
duction of The Rite of Spring and re- 
cently choreographed a piece com- 
missioned by the North Carolina Dance 

John D. T. Hartman, Jr. (M.H.A. '69) 
represented Virginia Commonwealth 
University at the inauguration of Dr. 
John E. Anderson as president of 
Christopher Newport College, 
Hampton, Virginia. 


David W. Clements (B.S. advertis- 
ing '70) was transferred from Exxon 
Company, U.S.A.'s Eastern Region 
Employee Relations Department in Bal- 
timore, Maryland, to their headquar- 
ter's Employee Relations Department 
in Houston, Texas. 

Stephen Y. Dickinson (B.S. ac- 
counting '70) is a CPA and an audit 



Please notify us of yoiir change of address 







«J T3 1 


























Please print clearly 












Send to: 

Alumni Records Officer 
Virginia Commonwealth University 
Richmond,Virginia 23284 
Telephone: (804) 257-1228 

Important Note: If this magazine 
is addressed to an alumnus who 
no longer lives at the address 
printed on the address label, 
please advise us so that we can 
correct our records. If you know 
the person's correct address, we 
would appreciate that informa- 
tion. Also, if a husband and wife 
are receiving more than one copy 
of the magazine, we would like 
to know so that we can eliminate 
duplicate mailings. But in order 
to correct our records we must 
know the names of both indi- 
viduals. And please, indicate 
maiden name when appropriate. 

principal with Arthur Young & Com- 
pany. In addition to his client respon- 
sibilities, he serves as director of re- 
cruiting for the Richmond office. 

Drawings, paintings and photo- 
graphs by Etta Pearlman Edwards 
(B.F.A. painting and printmaking '70) 
were on display in the Gellman Room 
of the Richmond Public Library. 


Elizabeth A. Meyer (M.S. occupa- 
tional therapy '71) has been selected 
secretary and newsletter editor of the 
National Association of Activity 
Therapy and Rehabilitation Program 


David E. Bagby, Jr. (B.S. advertising 
'72) has been named the first full-time 
executive director of the MCV Founda- 
tion. The foundation is an incorporated 
organization which receives and man- 
ages funds for the benefit of the MCV 

Robinson E. Bridges, Jr. (AS elec- 
trical-electronics technology '72) has 
been named Central Division Substa- 
tion supervisor by Virginia Electric and 
Power Company, Richmond, Virginia. 

Douglas W. Flinchum (B.F.A. drama 
education '72) is beginning to be a 
permanent fixture at the Virginia 
Museum Theatre in Richmond. He is 
now in his eighth year as stage man- 

The Counselor of the Year Award for 
1980 from the Personnel and Guidance 
Association was awarded to Henry E. 
Ford, Jr. (M.Ed, counselor education 

Melvyn L. Odom (B.F.A. fashion art 
'72) is a free lance artist in New York 
City. He has done illustrations for 
Playboy, Time and Rolling Stone and also 
has done book and record album 

Carol Bunzl Showker (B.S. social 
welfare '72) and Frederick N. Showker 
(B.F.A. communication arts and design 
'72) formed Showker Inc. in 1976 in 
order to design, produce and manufac- 
ture That's Truckin', a children's board 
game. It was successfully marketed 
and the Showkers sold the remaining 
10,000 copies. They now spend their 
time between their home on 18 acres in 
the Shenandoah Valley and their dome 
which they designed and built. He has 
also had his lithographs appear on the 
cover of Communique and was written 
up in Curio. 

Thomas A. Smith (B.S. management 
'72) was promoted to store manager by 
Pleasants Hardware, Richmond. He 
began working for Pleasants part-time 

while attending VCU in 1971 and has 
continued with the firm since that time. 
The Board of Directors of Branch 
Banking and Trust Company Raleigh, 
North Carolina, has promoted Peter 
VanGraafeiland (M.S. business '72) 
to senior vice-president. 


Patricia Moorefield Allen (B.S. 
nursing '73) is a contact nurse with 
Vocational Placement Services Inc., a 
rehabilitation consultant firm which 
specializes in assisting injured persons 
to work toward using their abilities. 
The agency goes out and assists in the 
development of employment for the 
injured which stays within the 
guidelines established. 

Ronald W. Bell (B.A. English '73) 
has been appointed sales corre- 
spondent with T. D. Williamson, Inc. 
in Tulsa, Oklahoma, one of the largest 
manufacturers of equipment for oil and 
natural gas industry. He recently 
copyrighted the board game Recovery 
and plans to market the game himself. 

John N. Butz (theatre '73) writes that 
he joined the Screen Actors Guild ap- 
proximately 10 months ago and Equity 
almost two years ago. Since then he 
he has been active in shov.'s and films. 
Butz says, "All in all I'm quite content." 
His first film was Paternity, starring 
Burt Reynolds. In the film Butz is on 
Reynold's softball team, and notes that 
he's "the heavy bearded one." 

Jerri L. Cutler (B.M.E. '73) returned 
to Richmond after spending two years 
in New York City. Since her return, she 
has been active in productions at the 
Barksdale and Matt's Pub Actors' Rep- 
ertory Theatre, as a soloist at the 
Church of Christ Scientist, giving pri- 
vate voice lessons, and teaching 
aerobic dancing. 

Wilda M.Ferguson(M.S.W.'73),di- 
rector of the Virginia Office on Aging, 
spoke at the fall meeting of the His- 
toryland Chapter of the Virginia Coun- 
cil of Social Welfare. Her topic was 
alternative living arrangements for the 

Susan F. Gilliam (B.S. special educa- 
tion '73) works as a biological techni- 
cian for the U. S. Department of Ag- 
riculture in Salinas, California. 

A. H. Robins Company has pro- 
moted Juanita B. Leatherberry (B.S. 
accounting '73) to manager of corporate 
accounting and reporting in the con- 
troller's office. 

Pamela M. Lewis (B.F.A. dramatic 
art and speech '73) writes that she has a 
year contract for the NBC soap opera 
"Texas." In the production she plays a 


"high-security" nurse. She is also ap- 
pearing in the movie, So Fine, in pro- 
duction for Warner Brothers. 

Carolyn Neale Lindsey (M.Ed, spe- 
cial education '73) was co-author of "Rx 
in the Classroom" for Instructor 

Charles L. McLeod (M.Ed, counselor 
education '73) received an Ed.D. in 
higher education and administration 
from the University of Virginia. 

Deborah Dane Matthow (BE. A. 
dramatic art and speech '73) and her 
husband, Dana, are producing a play 
by Gardner McKay called Sea Marks. It 
is a two character love story about an 
Irish fisherman and a Welsh woman 
working for a publisher in Liverpool. 
The play has been produced on a re- 
gional basis, but is scheduled to open 
in New York this year. 

The Patrick County School system 
has named Kenneth W. Stanley (M.Ed. 
special education '73) supervisor of 
special education. 

Wayne G. Terry (M.H.A. '73) has 
recently been transferred to the King- 
dom of Saudi Arabia as deputy project 
director for the commissioning of the 
King Faisal University Teaching Hospi- 
tal, a 500 bed medical complex located 
in Al Khobar, Kingdom of Saudi 


William E. Schlueter III (B.F.A. 
dramatic art and speech '74) is entering 
his sixth year as entertainer-in- 
residence at the world's largest Quality 
Inn Hotel, Arlington, Virginia. He has 
twoL.P.s, both are doing well, with the 
first record on its third pressing, and he 
also has a five-member band. Variety. 

Deborah K. Duty (B.S. mass com- 
munications '74) released a 45 rpm 
single record. The songs are: "I Don't 
Want To Know," and "Wheels." 


Evelyn Custis Chandler (B.S. 
marketing '75) was promoted to senior 
marketing specialist at Digital Equip- 
ment Corporation, Maynard, Mas- 
sachusetts, where she specializes in 
marketing the uses of computers 
within manufacturing companies. 

Terry Powell DelVecchio (M.Ed. 
special education '75) was named Hen- 
rico's Teacher of the Year. She taught 
fourth grade for seven years at Cham- 
berlayne, the same elementary school 
she attended as a child, and then be- 
came the resource teacher for the 
school. Now she is working with the 
Talented and Gifted Program and 

with learning disabled children. 

Nancy Jean Van Scoyoc (B.S. psy- 
chology '75) is author of the book. 
Women, Change, and the Church, is man- 
ager of Women in Transition, an ecu- 
menically based project to determine 
how today's women are coping with 


Kathleen A. Walker (B.S. biology 
and sociology '76) was awarded first 
prize for a scientific research paper she 
presented at the 58th annual meeting of 
the Virginia Academy of Science, 
Medical Science Section. Her paper, 
"Design and Synthesis of Irreversible 
Phosphodieterase Inhibitors," de- 
scribed her graduate work at MCV in- 
volving the design and synthesis of 
drugs which can selectively and ir- 
reversibly inhibit phosphodiesterase 
enzymes in discrete cell types. 

Randolph B. Whitener (B.S. history 
education '76) was promoted to assis- 
tant director of planning for monetary 
control by the Hartford Insurance 
Company, Hartford, Connecticut. 


Roger W. Cooper (M.H.A. '77) is 
assistant administrator of Bluefield 
Community Hospital in Bluefield, Vir- 

Lon R. Davis (B.F.A. communica- 
tion arts and design '77) has been ap- 
pointed art director at Dan Advertising 
in Norfolk, teaches advertising design 
at night at Tidewater Community Col- 
lege, and freelances under the name 
Brand X Graphics. 

Kathryn F. Gresham-Lancaster 
(B.F.A. theatre '77) is a member of the 
Screen Actors Guild and is active in 
theatre workshops. 

Janice Kytle Seargent (M.Ed, special 
education '77) is in private practice in 
occupational therapy in Idaho Falls, 
Idaho. She is also a faculty member at 
Idaho State University, where she 
teaches occupational therapy. 


The Virginia Museum in Richmond 
has named William G. Bradshaw 
(M.P.A. community services '78) as 
museum administrator. 

Nancy C. Boutchyard (M.Ed, ad- 
ministration and supervision '78) is a 
health and physical education teacher 
at George Wythe High School, 
Richmond, where she is the field 
hockey and Softball coach. 

Lauren G. Eib (B.S. special educa- 
tion '78) was awarded a graduate re- 
search grant to the Real Estate and 
Urban Land Development Program in 

the VCU School of Business by Cen tury 
21 Corporation of Virginia. 

Douglas L. Elgin (M.S.W. '78) has 
joined the staff of The Memorial Hospi- 
tal of Danville as director of social ser- 

Carol J. Froehlich (M.S.W. '78) was 
promoted to group treatment coor- 
dinator of the Department of Child 
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 
Children's Hospital of Buffalo, New 
York. She will now be responsible for 
coordinating all activity counseling and 
family life education groups for the 

Frank M. Goodman, Jr. (B.S. ad- 
ministration of justice and public safety 
'78) has been named chief of police for 
the town of Crewe, Virginia. 

Edward B. Mulligan (M.S. rehabili- 
tation counseling '78) is retired and 
works as a volunteer counselor for 
COPE, a hot line operation for those 
with problems. COPE is operated by 
the Middlesex Mental Health Center in 
Saluda, Virginia. 

Gloria J. Patterson (B.S. information 
systems '78) was promoted by the Vir- 
ginia Department of Taxation. She is a 
computer programmer for the depart- 

Amy L. Repard (M.S.W. '78) has 
been named the youth services coor- 
dinator for Colonial Heights, Virginia. 
She will direct all the city's current local 
youth agencies and programs. 

KayT. Sellers (B.S. distributive edu- 
cation '78) is currently teaching educa- 
tion for employment, grades 8, 9 and 
10, at Clarke County High School, 
Berry ville, Virginia. 

Edward L. Tilman (M.S. rehabilita- 
tion counseling '78) is working at St. 
Mary's Hospital, Richmond, in the Al- 
coholism Detoxification Unit. He is 
working toward certification as a pas- 
toral counselor, and his ministry wiU 
continue to be chemical dependency 
and the terminally ill. He is also going 
to seminary part-time for his Master of 
Divinity degree. 


Robert L. Deverick III (M.S. sociol- 
ogy '79) recently joined the faculty at 
John Tyler Community College as an 
instructor of sociology. 

Rosemarie Greyson Fleg (M.D. '79) 
has completed her internship at 
Washington Hospital Center in Wash- 
ington, D.C. and is now a resident in 
radiology at Sinai Hospital, Baltimore, 

First Virginia Bank-Colonial has 
promoted William H. Hutton (M.B.A. 
'79) to assistant vice-president and 
manager of the bank's Broad Street 
office in Richmond. 


John S. Miller (B.S. business ad- 
ministration and management '79) is 
employed at Branch Banking and Trust 
Company, Raleigh, North Carolina. 

Michael R. Mintz (B.S. marketing 
'79) is a sales representative for Collins 
& Aikman Textiles, Richmond, Vir- 

The Roanoke Museum of Fine Arts 
presented a major, juried craft festival. 
Diane L. Nahan (B.F.A. crafts '79) was 
one of sixty-six master craftsmen 
selected to exhibit in the show. 

Sarah Belk Rian (M.A. art history 
'79) is the assistant food and wine 
editor for House ami Gardens magazine. 
Her husband Jeffrey C. Rian (M.A. art 
history '79) is a dealer in rare books and 
does free lance writing. 


Wandering minstrel John M. Bene- 
detto (M.S. psychology-clinical '80) 
presented two workshops on improvi- 
sation in Waynesboro, Virginia. He 
studied mime under Benny Reehl of 
the Celebration Mime Theatre and at 
the Morena Institute for Psychodrama. 
He is currently the drama resource 
manager for the talented and gifted 
program at Memorial Middle School in 
Middlefield, Connecticut. 

Martin D. Croll (B.S. mass com- 
munications '80) was one of 96 jour- 
nalism graduates nationwide cited for 
achievement by the Society of Profes- 
sional Journalists, Sigma Delta Chi. 

A photographic essay by Susan C. 
Dayton (B.F.A. communication arts 
and design '80) documents Richmond's 
Hotel Jefferson, its rooms, residents 
and employees, and provides a record 
of a vanishing era at the hotel. 

Patricia A. Hamois(B.S. nursing '80) 
went on active duty in the U.S. Navy 
Nurse Corps in February as an ensign. 

The Virginia Chapter of the Associa- 
tion of Public Safety Communications 
Officers has appointed Sylvia T. Hob- 
good (B.S. administration of justice 
and public safety '80), communications 
supervisor for the VCU Police Depart- 
ment, to the association's State Train- 
ing Committee. This committee wiU 
formulate and implement training 
standards and programs for public 
safety communications officers 
throughout Virginia. 

James M. Johnson (M.S. administra- 
tion of justice and public safety '80) is 
employed as a senior special agent with 
the Criminal Investigation Division of 
the IRS in Richmond. 

Emmett R. McLane III (D.D.S. '80) 
has joined a dentistry practice in 

FarmvUle, where he will practice 
general dentistry. 

Julie E. Maconaughey (B.S. phar- 
macy '80) received an honorable men- 
tion for a scientific research paper she 
presented at the 58th annual meeting of 
the Virginia Academy of Science, 
Medical Science Section. 

Jocelyn E. Owens (B.S. physical 
therapy '80) is chief physical therapist 
at the Camelot Nursing Home, Ar- 
lington, Virginia. 

The Five Forks Chapter of the Ameri- 
can Business Women's Association in- 
stalled Cathy H. Sherrick (B.S. ac- 
counting '80) as a member. 

The Orange County Review has named 
Kevin C. Wood (B.F.A. communica- 
tion arts and design '80) to its advertis- 
ing staff. She will assist in all phases of 


Soprano Patricia M. Sauls (M.F.A. 
theatre and costume design '81) was a 
featured soloist with the Richmond 
Choral Society in its production Shout 
for joy performed during the Christmas 
holiciays. She is currently the house 
manager of the Empire Theatre in 
Richmond and has acted in major roles 
in Kiss Me Kate, The Sound of Music and 
Your Own Thing. 


The 1981 VCU Alumni Travel Program has something for everyone. 

If you enjoy the sun and the water, join our tours to the Caribbean and to Hawaii. 

If you want the history and splendor of faraway lands, come with us to Rome and Athens. 

If you are looking for exciting travel right here in the continental United States, reserve your place on 
either our Reno/San Francisco tour or our Sun Valley/Yellowstone tour. 

All tours include accommodations and round-trip transportation. 

The seven-day Caribbean cruise includes stops in San Juan, Samana and St. Thomas, all meals 
abroad ship and the full use of all the ship's facilities. 

Your ten-day trip to Hawaii includes a welcome reception, a stay in Waikiki and on the big island of 
Hawaii, and optional tours. 

On the Springtime tour to Rome and Athens, you will enjoy a free sight-seeing tour of each city, a 
welcome reception in Rome and a special, optional Greek island cruise. 

Both Summertime U.S.A. tours— Reno /San Francisco and Sun Valley/ Yellowstone — offer you the 
chance to see some of this country's most beautiful and exciting places. From casinos to cablecars to a 
ride through craters of the Moon National Park, you can enjoy the sights of the American West. Each 
tour includes four nights in the first-named city and three nights in the latter. 

For additional information, please write the Alumni Activities Office, Virginia Commonwealth 
University, Richmond, Virginia 23284, or telephone (804) 257-1228. 

Virginia Commonwealth University Nonprofit Organization 

Alumni Activities Office U.S. Postage 

Richmond, Virginia 23284 PAID 

Permit No. 869 
Richmond, Virginia 

Address Correction Requested